The Federal Republic of Nigeria or Nigeria is an African federal constitutional republic. It encompasses 36 states and Abuja, the federal capital territory. The country is situated in the western part of the African continent and has borders with the Gulf of Guinea, Niger, Cameroon, Chad and the Republic of Benin. Nigeria comprises numerous ethnic groups, but the most important are Yoruba, Igbo and Hausa. Also, there are 2 main religious groups, the Christians and the Muslims. Very few practice the traditional religion.
The name of the country comes from the river Niger that runs through Nigeria. What most people don’t know is that Nigeria is Africa’s most populous country and one of the most populous in the world. It has a population of almost 160 million inhabitants.
There are six main regions in Nigeria, each of them with its own beauty. The Southwest Nigeria is home for minorities like Edo and Yoruba. It also shelters the most important city of Nigeria, Lagos. The Northeastern Nigeria includes the Kanuri people. The Southeast Nigeria is an industrial center. It’s specialized in the oil industry. The Northern Nigeria is the place where most of the Muslims live. Thus, here you’ll discover some interesting attractions and traditions. The Eastern Nigeria is mainly a rural region and features some nature reserves. The Central Nigeria links the northern savanna with the southern forests.
Visit the cities of Nigeria and you’ll be impressed by their beauty. Abuja is the capital city and features sights like Aso Rock, Abuja Millennium Park, National Assembly Complex, the Ecumenical Center and the National Mosque. Lagos is the most important and populous city in Nigeria. It’s a big commercial hub and a former colonial capital. Visit the Badagry Town, the Eko Tourist Resort, the Lighthouse Beach, the Tarkwa Bay and the Lagos Bar Beach. Some other interesting cities are Enugu, Benin City, Warri, Calabar, Port Harcourt, Ibadan, Owerri, Jos, Osogbo and Kano.
Be a local at Nigeria
In order to feel like a local in Nigeria you must first know some rules. Don’t use your left hand to hand things over to the elderly and the adults. It’s an insult. Also, it’s disrespectful to shake hands with older people and elders. A bow is enough to show your respect.
The Nigerian cuisine will also introduce you to the local spirit. Taste the gbegiri soup (beans soup), suya (kebab), egusi soup, goat’s head stew (isi ewu), ground nut soup, jollof rice, pepper soup, plantain, owo soup, okra soup and afgan soup. In some regions of the country a popular dish is the dog meat. If you want to avoid it, go in the western part of Nigeria. The local beverages are gin, non alcoholic malt drinks, beer, zobo (made from roselle flowers), wine, kai kai, kunun and palm wine.
Off the beat attractions
The most outlandish attraction in Nigeria is the Ancient Slave Port or the Point of No Return. This is an old town founded in 1425 A. D. This unique destination features the Old Slave Route and the Slave Relic Museum.
February, January and December are the best months to visit Nigeria.